In general, the Institute of Standards and Industrial Research of Iran (ISIRI) is the authority for national standards, and represents the I.R. Iran at the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). On the other hand, National Cartographic Center (NCC) is the main authority for standardization of maps and spatial information under the I.R. President's Deputy for Planning and Strategic Supervision. NCC and ISIRI cooperate with each other on related subjects.
At the international level, mirror committees are established under ISIRI to cooperate with corresponding ISO Technical Committees. NCC is secretariat of ISIRI/TC211, which is the Iranian mirror technical committee that cooperates with ISO/TC211 (Geomatics/Geospatial Information). Iran is currently an O-Member (Observer) of this committee.
At the national and sector levels, standards are developed through NCC's Standards Committee for Digital Spatial Data. This is accomplished with the participation of specialists from different sectors (government, private sector, academia …) and is based on user needs reflected by the National Council of GIS Users. Based on their scope and degree of consensus, these standards and specifications can then be ratified by ISIRI for national status.
These standards and specifications can include modeling, acquisition, processing, presentation, management and transfer of spatial data for different scales.
A list of standards and specifications that have been developed or are under development in the framework of the “Unified Specifications for Surveying and Mapping” are as follows:
· Volume 1: Geodesy and Leveling
· Volume 2: Photogrammetry (General)
· Volume 3: Geospatial Information Systems -GIS (General)
· Volume 4: Cartography (General)
· Volume 5: Microgeodesy
· Volume 6: Gridded and Raster Data
· Volume 7: Digital Topographic Mapping at 1:500 Scale
· Volume 8: Digital Topographic Mapping at 1:1000 Scale
· Volume 9: Digital Topographic Mapping at 1:2000 Scale
· Volume 10: Digital Topographic Mapping at 1:5000 and 1:10000 Scales
· Volume 11: Hydrography
In addition to the documents stated above, NCC has also developed standards and specifications for:
· Digital Topographic Information at 1:25000 Scale
· Digital Topographic Image Maps at 1:50000 and 1:100000 scale
· Digital Topographic Maps at 1:250000 scale.
Research and development in the field of Geomatics Science and Engineering are conducted in three domains: fundamental, application and development. The following objectives are investigated:
· expanding the borders of knowledge,
· establishment of new technology,
· better understanding of the natural phenomena, and
· Improving and innovating methods, products and instrumentation.
NCC's Research Council is acting on setting policy, guidelines, objectives, plans, and approving publications and research projects.
To keep abreast with scientific and technological advancements in Geomatics, continuous communication between the main Geomatics organizations and academia (domestic and foreign) exist. NCC supports domestic MSc and PhD thesis in the field of Geomatics, both financially and morally, in the framework of joint research projects.
A national Geomatics Conference and Exhibition is held by NCC each year in May, which creates an opportunity for scientific discussion and presentation of latest developments. We hope that this will assist in thriving the Geomatics discipline and that the results of these researches (maps, spatial information and their optimum usage) will help to improve mid- and long term national planning.
Making NCC's policies, strategic directions and goals, are the responsibility of this section, with the participation of NCC management.
Short- Mid and Long- term objectives are then determined with the cooperation of different departments. Achievement to these objectives is measured and controlled to supply feedback for the management process.